Bureau of Industry and Security. Introduction
The Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) is an agency of the United States Department of Commerce that deals with issues involving national security and high technology. A major goal for the bureau is helping stop the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, while furthering the growth of United States exports.
The mission of the BIS is to advance U.S. national security, foreign policy, and economic interests. BIS's activities include regulating the export of sensitive goods and dual-use technologies in an effective and efficient manner; enforcing export control, anti-boycott, and public safety laws; cooperating with and assisting other countries on export control and strategic trade issues; assisting U.S. industry to comply with international arms control agreements; monitoring the viability of the U.S. defense-industrial base; and promoting federal initiatives and public-private partnerships to protect the nation's critical infrastructures.
The Bureau of Industry and Security is a component of the United States Department of Commerce and organized as follows:
- Under Secretary of Commerce for Industry and Security
- Deputy Under Secretary of Commerce for Industry and Security
- Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Export Administration
- Office of National Security and Technology Transfer Controls
- Office of Nonproliferation and Treaty Compliance
- Office of Strategic Industries and Economic Security
- Office of Exporter Services
- Office of Technology Evaluation
- Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Export Enforcement
- Office of Export Enforcement
- Office of Enforcement Analysis
- Office of Antiboycott Compliance
The main focus of the bureau is the security of the United States, which includes its national security, economic security, cyber security, and homeland security. For example, in the area of dual-use export controls, BIS administers and enforces such controls to stem the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and the means of delivering them, to halt the spread of weapons to terrorists or countries of concern, and to further U.S. foreign policy objectives. Where there is credible evidence suggesting that the export of a dual-use item threatens U.S. security, the Bureau is empowered to prevent export of the item.
In addition to national security, BIS's function is to ensure the health of the U.S. economy and the competitiveness of U.S. industry. BIS promotes a strong defense-industrial base that can develop and provide technologies that will enable the United States to maintain its military superiority. BIS takes care to ensure that its regulations do not impose unreasonable restrictions on legitimate international commercial activity that are necessary for the health of U.S. industry.