How australian sanction laws are applied?
Australia implements UNSC sanctions regimes and Australian autonomous sanctions regimes under Australian sanction laws.
UNSC sanctions regimes are primarily implemented under the Charter of the United Nations Act 1945 (the United Nations Act) and its sets of regulations. There is a separate set of regulations under the United Nations Act for each UNSC sanctions regime.
Australian autonomous sanctions regimes are primarily implemented under the Autonomous Sanctions Act 2011 (the Autonomous Act) and the Australian Autonomous Sanctions Regulations 2011. There is only one set of regulations under the Autonomous Act.
DFAT administers the United Nations Act, the Autonomous Act and their regulations.
Australian sanction laws establish serious criminal offences, including for contravening a sanctions measure without a sanctions permit. Penalties include up to ten years in prison and substantial fines.
Australian sanction laws apply broadly, including to activities in Australia, and to activities by Australian citizens and Australian-registered bodies corporate overseas.
In addition to Australian sanction laws, Australian individuals and businesses are encouraged to consider whether an activity may be subject to other Australian laws or the sanction laws of another country and, if so, to consider seeking legal advice as to whether a further authorisation is required for the purposes of those laws.